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Fusion power generation using carbon nanotubes? ideas. Can we do it?




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Nuclear fusion is a dream power generation method.

What we have now is nuclear power (energy is produced when the nucleus is broken up).

Nuclear fusion gives off energy when the nuclei are attached to each other.

 

(Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version))

 

The atoms are

A proton and a neutron stuck together, a nucleus and a

Electrons are circling around it.

You know that it has the shape of a

 

Its nucleus is attached with tremendous force.

This is different from pulling electrons away from an atom.

 

You can't take a nucleus that's being held together by such a strong force and put it in the form of an atom.

I'm going to split it open, or I'm going to stick it to you.

It gives off a very strong energy.

(Heat? I guess.)

 

Conventional nuclear power generation uses the heavy atoms, uranium and plutonium, as the nuclei for the

The energy is extracted by splitting it up.

The problem is that when it does, it emits radioactivity.

 

>Uranium 235 and other materials used in nuclear fuel absorb neutrons to cause a fission reaction, which > releases heat energy and multiple new neutrons.

>The greater the amount of fuel material and the greater the number of neutrons flying through it, the higher the probability of a fission reaction, so that when the amount of fission exceeds a certain level, multiple fissions are triggered and the number of fissions increases exponentially, creating a chain reaction.

>Therefore, the use of control rods that absorb neutrons to reduce the number of neutrons and control the increase in fission

>and a certain amount of fission can be carried out continuously.

>The thermal energy generated by this continuous fission is used in ways such as vaporizing water to turn a >turbine.

Quote from wiki-pedia.

 

Well, it must be difficult to handle!

I'm a complete amateur, so I don't know much about it, but...

 

 

Fusion reactors are

Energy is generated by the nuclear fusion reaction of the lighter elements hydrogen and helium.

Take it out.

As an advantage.

No carbon dioxide emissions (same as in nuclear power plants)

There is no chain reaction and no runaway.

There's hydrogen everywhere (I hear they have technology to extract it from seawater).

Fewer problems with radioactive waste

I heard that there is such a thing.

 

What I think is that if you take hydrogen out of seawater, you can get it out of seawater.

You could extract energy to infinity! That's what I mean.

 

The very energy of dreams!

 

But we still haven't been able to realize a power plant with a fusion reactor.

Every once in a while, an American high school student will tell you they've built a fusion reactor.

It's only a topic of conversation...(^_^;)

 

Why can't it be realized?

 

You need to hit the nucleus at 1000 km/s to create fusion.

1,000 km/s!

That's a lot of speed!

 

This is where temperature comes into play.

High temperature means how fast the atoms are flying around.

That means.

(Heat is the momentum of an atom ^^^)

In other words, the higher the temperature, the faster the atoms will fly around.

 

Flying around at 1,000 km/s is like having a plasma temperature of 100 million degrees or more.

It seems to be.

It takes a lot of energy to reach that high-temperature plasma state.

The energy to get to that high temperature is

than the energy extracted by fusion.

It's not worth it if it's not too much!

 

Energy extracted by a fusion reactor > Temperature to cause fusion (over 100 million degrees Celsius)

 

He says this is difficult.

Apparently this is the reason why it's not profitable.

Hmm.

 

So, if we can create fusion at room temperature, it will take less energy to invest in it.

So it can be used to generate electricity.

But in order to fuse the nuclei, you have to hit the atoms at high speed.

That means high temperatures.

(Because the momentum of the atoms is the temperature. High-speed atoms mean high temperatures.)

 

It's impossible for a nucleus to fuse at room temperature, isn't it?

Is it possible to hit it with an accelerator to cause fusion?

 

It seems that there is too much energy to put in at any rate (^_^;)

 

About nuclear fusion : Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology

(Here's the link for more information.)

 

 

So I've been thinking, how to do room temperature fusion!

I'm a total novice, so, well, I'm not sure if I'm going to be able to see it in a comic book or movie.

Think of it as an idea ^^^.

 

In order for fusion to take place, you have to attach the protons to the nucleus.

If you're talking about sticking them together at a fast speed, then

Wouldn't it stick to you if you pressed hard enough? I thought.

 

f:id:nyaonyaokun:20190831114751p:plain

 

Deuterium and tritium mixed into one.

What would happen if you spun electrons or cations around it?

 

Of course, it turns a large number of electrons or cations in close proximity to the atomic level.

Since the current acts as a right-handed force in the direction of travel.

So.

If you spin an electron-cation around a mixture of deuterium and tritium.

I think it can send a force towards the center.

(The mixture might have to be negatively or positively charged.

Forcing the negative ones to be confined to one place, and ^^^)

 

 

So, how do you get the electrons, the cations

Do you want to turn around deuterium or tritium?

 

That's where carbon nanotubes come in.

Carbon nanotubes are tubes of carbon that are hollowed out? I guess.

I'm pretty sure it could run electricity.

I don't know much about this area, but...

 

I'll put it more simply.

Remember the neurons in the brain?

Electricity flows through the neurons. (It could have been ions.)

What if that thing was flowing regularly and in the same direction?

And in the form of a hairball...

 

Just like that, nano-sized wires (wires?). The electrons are passed through the

That nano-wire is rolled up like a hairball and the electrons are turned.

Since the electrons are spun at very close range, I think quite a bit of force is applied to the center of the wire.

To the size of a pachinko ball, to the size of an ad balloon.

Winding carbon nanotubes or something.

Such an image.

Maybe it's more minuscule overall.

 

Or.

charge electrons to the material around the mixture (close to the nanosize) and

If only we could magnetize them from the outside and turn the electrons!

 

The difference between the coils in the wires used in normal nuclear fusion is that

This means that the distance between each tube is very close.

With carbon nanotubes, the distance is on a nanometer scale.

If you use carbon nanotubes in a normal coil, you'll be able to get a lot closer than that.

How many layers can you create?

I can't even imagine this ^^^.

 

The more windings in the coil, the more magnetic fields, electromagnetic induction? field

The force should be greater.

 

Also, the closer the distance is, the stronger the working force.

The higher the density of the coil, the stronger the magnetic force will be.

 

That means less energy will be used.

(Less voltage applied.)

In that respect, I think the input energy can be reduced.

 

With the quantum tunneling effect, you can use less energy than you would normally approach.

I suppose you could, considering it's a sticking point, but...

(This sounds like the basis of fusion.)

 

It might not have to be at the nano level, but

The miso is that it's as close as possible.

 

The mixture may be shaped like coal.

But it's packed with deuterium and triple hydrogen in the center.

Around it are carbon nanotubes with electrons charged to the carbon nanotubes.

(Carbon is carbon, so I wondered if it would look like coal ^^^)

It would be like applying magnetic force to that coal-like thing by spinning it around.

(Normally it wouldn't explode when you heat it up, but when you spin the magnetic field around and around.

The new solid fuel that explodes in a big way (ΦωΦΦ)

 

I wish I could!

So much for killing time. Then~.

 

P.S. If this method is possible, it might be possible to synthesize all kinds of elements.

And at low energy. (Cheaply.)

How do you still get it to be hot? Or the accelerator? So, a new element is being synthesized...

(I know very little about it, so I'm sorry if I'm wrong.

But I'm pretty sure the new elements are being created by man, by hand.

It just seems to be unstable and can only exist for a short time.)

 

Maybe it would be nice to be able to synthesize rare metals or something like that!

It's not that easy...(*Easy*)

 

Further P.S.: They say the nuclear reaction converges to iron. They say iron is stable...

Fusion is with an element with a smaller atomic number than iron, and fission is with an element with a larger atomic number than iron.

The end result is iron!

Is that one? Fusion is an atomic number up to iron.

The energy is released as the nuclei fuse.

Does that mean it takes energy to fuse a nucleus after the iron atomic number?

Holy shit, if that's the case, it's going to take a lot of energy.

 

(I've heard that elements with atomic numbers larger than iron were formed in supernova explosions.

I wonder if they need a lot of energy to stick together? ^^)

 

Added 12/04/2019.

I looked into carbon nanotubes (CNTs).

 

They are called single-walled carbon nanotubes, and that's the key.

If it's a composite material made of copper and CNTs, the electrical conductivity is about the same as copper.

But the allowable current is 100 times higher than copper!

 

Furukawa Electric's CNT wires have a current density 1000 times greater than copper!

 

Apparently, it can channel a lot of electricity ^^^.

What does this mean?

The electromagnetic force is that much stronger with a large current.

I can make a super strong electromagnet!

 

A very strong force is needed to attach atomic nuclei to each other.

Can't we use these super-powered electromagnets for nuclear fusion?

 

The key here is to wrap the coil in a hairball shape and apply pressure to the center

I think so.

This, the more the thickness of the coil increases, the more force is applied to the center of the coil.

I think it's important.

 

The strong magnetic force from a single carbon nanotube wire means that

For the same magnetic force, it means that the hairball is thinner than a copper wire.

 

The force is stronger the closer the distance is, so if the thickness is thinner, the force applied to the center will be

I think this will also work to my advantage as it should be stronger.

 

Hmmm, slightly different from what I initially thought.

I think I can do some kind of nuclear fusion^^!

 

And also, that high current that you're running is a lot more effective than creating a hot plasma.

It looks like it could be done with less energy, but I'm not sure.

 

Added 12/14/2019.

Isn't it possible to generate electricity using these carbon nanotube wires?

I'm wondering if it's not there, but I wonder how it is.

I've actually emailed a university on 9/5/2019 and I still have a question for them.

No reply ^^^;

It's funny - I've been told that I'm happy to help you with any questions you may have.

I emailed your email address...

I guess they thought it was a prank because it was so bad...(-ω-)/.

 

Not to be deterred, I'd like to write more ideas.

How to make a carbon nanotube wire into a hairball and apply a voltage and force to the center of the wire.

I've been writing about this for a while now.

(In the center, we have a tri-hydrogen, deuterium mixture of gases into something like a balloon/pinball ball.

Trapped. The idea is to wrap a wire around that balloon.)

 

The key to this, I think, is that it's small.

The magnetic force is.

 

F = K x m1 x m2 / R (x is multiplication)

 

 

Since it's divided by R (distance)

The closer the distance, the stronger the force.

The same formula applies to the Coulomb force.

 

So each one of them should be as small as possible.

(Smaller means closer to the distance.)

I made a lot of them.

I think it's better to get big power.

I think we'd want high current and huge amounts of heat to put it on a commercial basis.

The bigger you make them, the further away they are, the more energy you have to put in.

If that's the case, it's better to make a lot of small ones (closer in distance) and collect power/heat.

In total, less energy input is required.

I think it gives you energy.

I think that's the least amount of waste.

 

 

Also, I have one thought about the distance.

Not long ago, the U.S. Navy applied for a patent on fusion power.

I haven't heard much talk about it.

Why is that?

I wonder if everyone thinks it's fake, after all.

 

Fusion reactor? When the coils of the

What will happen?

If the R (distance) is halved, the power to the coil is halved.

 

I looked at the figures in the US Navy's patent for fusion, and as I recall, the coils'

I think it was a method that allowed us to get closer to the position.

So you're getting the same amount of magnetic force with less power, so

It's possible that you are creating fusion with a small amount of energy input.

 

The only problem is that the coils alone are not enough to cause fusion.

Can you put pressure on the center?

(You can get a strong magnetic force in carbon nanotubes with high power...)

 

If so, what would happen to the central temperature?

(They say it's 100 million degrees, whether it's a plasma or a laser.)

What is the temperature when super-pressure is applied by magnetic force alone?

 

With my carbon nanotube pile system, even if the temperature gets too high, it's still a good thing.

The method allows the pile itself to melt and disappear, so...

If you think about it, the carbon nanotube hairball system is a good example.

It may be the same as a star (the sun).

In the case of a star (the sun), the pressure in the center of the star (the sun) causes nuclear fusion to occur, but in the case of a star (the sun)

Mine is that the magnetic force or Coulomb force would put pressure on the center and cause fusion.

If so, the center may be extremely hot.

(Does fusion occur when the center reaches 100 million degrees Celsius due to pressure?)

What will happen because the scale is so small?

 

If you think about it that way, why does fusion use plasma?

That must have been because there is no container that can maintain 100 million degrees.

The carbon nanotube spheres could be made disposable, one at a time.

Maybe it makes sense to eliminate the need for containers (*'oops').

 

 

 

Assuming that, depending on the central temperature (if it can be lowered)

The carbon nanotube ball is covered with metal.

I'm going to make that center hollow.

When fusion occurs and the gas expands, it's supposed to escape.

You might be able to turn the turbine, though.

In that case, you won't have anything to wear out (carbon nanotube wires).

It looks like you can reduce carbon dioxide to zero, but...

 

Does it get hotter after all?

 

I wonder what's going on~^^;

 

2020/01/13 Update

You can put tritium or deuterium in the center of the ball and

It's wrapped in carbon nanotube wire.

The idea was to create nuclear fusion.

I can think of one advantage to this method.

 

It's a ball of gas in the center.

I think this can be done by putting a very high pressure gas in it.

I think the higher the pressure of the gas, the easier it is for fusion to occur!

 

If we can get to super-high pressure.

It may be possible to start nuclear fusion with ordinary wires without using carbon nanotube wires.

I think so.

(Because carbon nanotube wire is expensive ^^^;)

 

I'm not sure how it is...(********)

 

 

Added on 2020/02/09

This!

 

newswitch.jp

>Laser fusion rockets gain thrust by irradiating a spherical plastic container containing fuel for propulsion with a laser beam, and discharging the "fusion plasma" generated outside the rocket. In the experiment, a hollow spherical plastic container is heated by a laser beam to generate plasma.

 

This spherical plastic container is similar to my idea of putting fuel in it! Probably put compressed hydrogen in this container!

 

My idea is to wrap a coil around it, which is a laser to create nuclear fusion.

 

So does that mean that the method of my idea is also a possibility?

It's hard to get a response from the university, so it's a modest place to be.

 

P.S. Apparently this method of capsules is a common method in laser fusion.

A laser is shone into the capsule from 360 degrees, making the surface hotter, and then plasmaized? They say they do.

The plasma goes outward. The reaction force causes the inner (central) force, which is used to cause fusion.

There are so many ways to do this. It's amazing.

 

2020/02/27

My idea was.

The fuel capsule is wrapped around a carbon nanotube.

The idea is to concentrate the deuterium in the center to create nuclear fusion.

 

I thought for a moment that we could apply an instantaneous, super high voltage and use that voltage to

It's like a spherical accelerator, and the way to create fusion with it is to make it work.

I think.

I wonder if carbon nanotubes are still needed to withstand that ultra-high voltage.

 

Since it is an instantaneous high voltage, the input energy seems to be small.

It is supplementary.

 

P.S. The way the carbon nanotubes are wrapped, or rather, covered, is.

To attach them in a different way (shape) is to

I'm wondering how it is.

 

P.S. I hear it's called inertial electrostatic confinement fusion ^^^.

This method says that fusion can happen.

This is the method that American children are using.

But it's not a good way to generate electricity, because the amount of heat you get is too small.

I've been told.

But the method I've come up with is that, first of all

It is a carbon nanotube wire. (Instantaneous high current flow.)

In addition, since it is treated as a solid fuel, the coils can be installed at a short distance.

(Even if high heat is generated, it can be discharged as carbon dioxide if there is oxygen.)

 

That's what we think is different.

That's the difference.

 

There's also this thing called laser fusion.

It's a mixture of tritium and deuterium gas in a plastic ball.

By shining an ultra-high-powered laser on its outer wall

We'll cause it to implode and multiply the reaction by 20 billion atmospheres at the center.

This is a method for generating nuclear fusion.

 

My method is a combination of inertial electrostatic confinement fusion and laser fusion.

I think you could say it's a hybrid.

 

 

 

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)


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